What is The Main Cause of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in breast tissue. Malignant tumors are a collection of cancer cells that develop rapidly into the surrounding tissue or spread to further parts of the body. This disease occurs almost always in women but can also occur in men.

Cancer cells can form in fat tissue in the breast, mammary glands (lobules), or in the milk duct (duct)

What are the characteristics of breast cancer?

The most characteristic features of breast cancer are the appearance of a lump in the breast. Lumps of breast cancer characteristics have a hard texture with unclear boundaries and uneven surfaces.

Lumps also continue to stay 8 to 10 days after menstruation. If a lump of breast cancer features close to the nipple, it will be seen that the nipples are attracted in and are rather sticky.

In addition to the appearance of breast cancer, signs and characteristics that you can identify with others are:

  • Change in size, shape, or appearance of the breast.
  • Shape changes in the nipple.
  • Pain in the breast that never goes away, even when you have entered the menstrual period the following month. Even so, some women also experience no pain or pain in their breasts.
  • The nipples emit clear, brown, or yellow liquid.
  • The nipples suddenly turn red and swollen without knowing the cause.
  • Swelling around the armpit caused by enlarged lymph nodes in the area.
  • Venous veins are seen in the breast, as a result the veins in the breast are clearly visible.
  • At an advanced stage begins to appear abnormalities in the skin of the breast (such as orange skin or reddish skin), sometimes the skin also becomes stifled like a dimple because it is attracted by a lump.
  • If you experience or suspect one of the symptoms and characteristics of breast cancer as mentioned above, you should immediately consult a doctor. This is done so that you get the right treatment according to your condition. By being responsive to the characteristics of breast cancer, your chances of getting better from this disease are getting bigger.

There may be some signs or symptoms of breast cancer that have not been mentioned. If you want to know more about the characteristics of breast cancer, consult your doctor.

What causes breast cancer?

The cause of breast cancer is unknown. Even so, experts believe if the cause of breast cancer is because breast cells develop abnormally and form a lump in the breast. This lump can spread to the surrounding tissue and to other parts of the body.

There are several conditions that can be factors that cause breast cancer. Doctors estimate that around 5–10 percent of the causes of breast cancer are related to gene mutations 1 (BRCA1) and gene 2 (BRCA2) that are inherited in the family. So if you have a history of cancer in the breast in the family, you should check your blood to detect the gene.

In addition to gene mutations, experts also agree that a medical history and lifestyle of a person can be a factor causing breast cancer.

Is Cancer a Virus or Disease

Cancer cells are cells whose growth and development are abnormal. Cancer cells have the ability to multiply and multiply as much as possible. Then this group of cancer cells grows into a new tissue called a tumor. The tumor continues to develop along with the development and growth of cancer cells, when this tumor continues to grow without stopping it can be said to be a malignant tumor.

Cancer cells have many differences with normal cells in the body. Not only does it grow aggressively, but cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body and build new tissue. Cancer cells also cannot die and damage themselves like other normal cells. Here are facts about cancer cells that you might not know.

1. There are more than 100 types of cancer in the world

Cancer cells can grow in various parts of the body, while the body has many types of cells. Cancer cells can grow in organs, tissues, and cells. The most common type of cancer is carcinoma. Carcinoma is a cancer cell that grows in the body’s epithelial tissue, the tissue that lines various organs, blood vessels, and tissues in the body. While other types of cancer cells are sarcomas. Sarcomas are cancer cells that usually grow in bone tissue, muscles, adipose tissue, glands, tendons, and joints. Leukemia is a type of cancer that grows in the bone marrow that occurs due to white blood cells that grow abnormally. While lymphoma is a cancer caused by the growth of B cells and abnormal T cells in the body.

2. Cancer cells can come from viruses

Cancer cells grow and develop due to several supporting factors such as radiation, exposure to chemicals, ultraviolet light and a failed DNA replication process. But it turns out besides that, cancer cells can also appear due to viruses. Viruses have the ability to cause cancer and are triggered by genetic factors. It is known that 15% to 20% of total cancer cases occur due to viruses. Viruses change DNA in normal cells, so that cells mutate and grow aggressively. The Epstein-Barr virus results in Burkitt’s limphoma disease, the hepatitis B virus causes liver cancer, and the human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause uterine cancer.

3. A third of cancer events can be prevented

According to WHO, as many as 30% of cancer events can actually be prevented. Cancer caused by genes or hereditary factors only reaches 5% to 10% of the total cancer cases that exist. The rest, cancer occurs due to various environmental factors, such as infection, pollution, and lifestyle. Prevention that can be done to prevent cancer is prohibiting tobacco use and smoking. Smoking is the main reason for cancer, 70% of lung cancer cases are caused by smoking.

4. Cancer requires high sugar

The more sugar that is eaten by cancer cells, the faster they grow. Sugar is a substance that is needed by normal cells to carry out respiration and then produce energy used to carry out physical activity. Cancer cells need high sugar levels to multiply themselves.

5. Hiding in the body

Cancer cells can hide from the immune system by growing on normal cells. For example, some tumors that grow in the lymph glands secrete proteins, they should also be excreted or secreted by the lymph glands. Therefore, the immune system cannot detect where cancer cells are. Some cancer cells avoid chemotherapy drugs by hiding in several body compartments, such as leukemia, cancer cells avoid drugs by acting as a bone cover.

6. Cancer cells can change shape

Cancer cells change their ‘body’ shape to avoid resistance from the immune system and guard against chemotherapy and radiation drugs. Cancer cells that are in epithelial tissue, usually change their shape following normal epithelial cells that become the place of growth.

7. Cancer cells always multiply

Cancer cells have mutated genes that affect cell reproduction. Normal cells develop by splitting themselves in half, then into four, and so on. Whereas in cancer cells, when doing the initial division, the cells produced are twice that of normal cells, that is, four cells. Then split itself into eight cells, and so on until it becomes very much.

8. Cancer cells need blood flow to survive

One sign that cancer cells are experiencing rapid development is the formation of new blood vessels for the cancerous tissue, which is called angiogenesis. Tumors need nutrients for life and these nutrients are carried by the bloodstream. Cancer cells will send signals to normal cells to give them blood flow so they can also grow. Research says that if prevention of blood vessel formation is made for cancerous tissue, the cancer cells will die by themselves.

9. Cancer can spread throughout the area

Cancer cells can metastasize or spread to various parts of the body through blood vessels or the lymph system. Cancer cells activate a receptor in a blood vessel, which makes it unable to be removed from the blood vessels and continues to flow to all parts of the body. In addition, cancer cells also release substances called chemokines, which function to hold back the immune system, so they cannot be resisted when spreading.

10. Cancer cells are programmed not to die

Normal cells will die by themselves if they damage their DNA, but not in cancer cells. Cancer cells do not have the ability to detect damage and do apoptosis (self-destruction), all they have is the ability to multiply as much as possible.

Different Types of Cancer and Their Symptoms

There are more than 100 types of cancer along with various kinds of causes, ranging from radiation, chemicals, to viruses. But the similarities, the cancer characterized by abnormal cell growth. What cancers are the most deadly and why is it difficult to cure? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cancer is the number two cause of death in America after heart disease. Even when diagnosed early and treated with advanced treatment, cancer still has the power to kill.

Indeed, there have been many treatments that have been successful at this time and were not found decades ago, but cancer treatment is still difficult to understand because of many factors. Cancer cell growth remains unpredictable and still mysterious in some cases, after going through seemingly effective treatment, cancer cells are able to hide in some patients and reappear.

About US $ 200 billion (around Rp. 1,800 trillion) has been spent in cancer research since the early 1970s, the survival of all cancer patients in the US has also increased from around 50% in the 1970s to 65% at present.

We will not be able to make progress like now if health science is not funded, the basis of science teaches us about the mechanisms and effectiveness of medicines. We took that information and applied it to the clinic to find out whether the new ways were successful in treating cancer.

Types of deadly cancers:

1. Lung cancer

Lung Cancer is the number one killer in the United States, the main cause of which is the use of tobacco products and smoking, this type of cancer mostly attacks people aged 55-65 years. There are two main types of cancer, the most commonly found large lung cell cancers, and small lung cell cancers that spread faster. More than 157,000 people are estimated to have died of lung cancer and bronchial disease in 2010. For those of you who have complaints of lung cancer, we recommend that you do treatment with traditional healing methods.

2. Rectum colon cancer

Colon cancer grows in large intestinal tissue, while rectal cancer grows in a few centimeters in the large intestine near the anus. Most cases begin with small lumps of benign cells or polyps and over time grow into cancer. Examination is highly recommended to find polyps before turning into cancer, colorectal cancer is estimated to kill more than 51,000 people in 2010. Therefore, regular health checks or checks will greatly help us to know the health condition and be aware of the occurrence of rectal colon cancer.

3. Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the second most popular cancer in the United States after skin cancer, this cancer can also attack men. There were nearly 2,000 cases of breast cancer in men between 2003 and 2008. Cancer cells usually form in the ducts that drain milk to the nipples or milk-producing glands, nearly 40,000 people are estimated to die from breast cancer in 2010.

Usually people with breast cancer do not realize that he has this deadly disease, because cancer is known as the silent killer.

4. Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer appears in pancreatic tissue that helps digestion and regulates metabolism, detection and treatment from an early age will be difficult, this is because symptoms in pancreatic cancer are very difficult to recognize symptoms or initial signs, spread silently and spread very quickly . Pancreatic cancer is estimated to claim 37,000 lives in 2010.

5. Prostate cancer

This cancer is the number one cause of death due to cancer in men after lung cancer and bronchial disease and is a frightening specter for men, because it attacks the male reproductive organs. Prostate cancer usually begins to grow slowly in the prostate gland, the gland that produces semen to transport sperm.

Some types of cancer are still limited to the prostate gland, and are easier to treat. But other types are more aggressive and spread faster, prostate cancer is estimated to kill around 32,000 people in 2010.

6. Blood cancer (leukemia)

There are many types of leukemia or cancer of the blood and all of them attack the body’s tissues that make up blood such as the bone marrow and lymphatic system, blood cancer results in an excess production of abnormal white blood cells.

The types of leukemia are classified based on how fast they spread and which cells are affected, the type of acute myelogenous leukemia is the most malignant and killed 41,714 people in 2003 to 2007. Nearly 22,000 people are expected to die of leukemia in 2010.

7. Non-hodgkin lymphoma

Maybe there are those who do not know in detail what is meant by non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, let us discuss briefly about one type of cancer which is included in this category of malignant cancer. This cancer attacks lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell and is characterized by swollen lymph nodes, fever and weight loss. There are several types of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and are categorized based on the growth rate and type of lymphocytes affected. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is more deadly than Hodgkin’s lymphoma and is estimated to have killed more than 20,000 people in 2010.

8. Liver cancer and the itrahepatic bile duct

Liver cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in the world, but is rarely found in the United States. This cancer is closely related to the cancer of the intrahepatic bile duct that attacks the ducts that carry bile from the liver to the small intestine. Nearly 19,000 Americans are estimated to die from the liver and intrahepatic bile duct in 2010.

9. Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is the number four cause of cancer deaths among women between 2003 and 2007, the average age of women diagnosed with cancer is 63 years. This cancer is easier to treat but is more difficult to detect at an early stage. Symptoms include abdominal discomfort, urge to urinate and pelvic pain. Nearly 14,000 women are expected to die of ovarian cancer in 2010.

10. Esophageal cancer

This cancer starts in the cells that line the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach, and usually occurs in the lower part of the esophagus. Men are more likely to die than women because of esophageal cancer between 2003 and 2007. This cancer is estimated to kill 14,500 people in 2010.

Symptoms of cancer

Symptoms that arise due to cancer vary greatly depending on the type of cancer that is experienced and the organs affected by cancer. Some of the common symptoms experienced by cancer patients are:

  • Fatigue and feeling weak.
  • Changes in body weight without being desired, can be a decrease or increase in body weight.
  • The appearance of a lump or thickening felt under the skin.
  • Changes to the skin, such as yellowing, darkening, or redness. Can also be a disorder or a wound that is painful and does not go away.
  • Long-term fever and night sweats.
  • Bleeding and bruising are not clear why.

If you experience these symptoms, especially symptoms that persist for a long time, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor. Risk factors and a history of cancer in the family also need to be consulted so that routine screening checks can be carried out so that the cancer can be diagnosed early.

Know the Types of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one type of cancer that claimed many lives of Indonesian women. According to the Breast Cancer Infodatin released by the Indonesian Ministry of Health in 2016, the female mortality rate from breast cancer in Indonesia reached 17 cases per 100,000 residents. Now that not many people know, one woman with another may have a different type of cancer. Yes! In fact there are many types of breast cancer in the world.

That’s why it’s important for every woman to detect their risk as early as possible. By getting an early diagnosis, you will find out more quickly what type of breast cancer you have so that the treatment will be more targeted and effective.

Various types of breast cancer that you need to be aware of

Breast cancer arises when cancer cells grow from abnormal tissue in the lobules (mammary glands), ducts (breast ducts), and connective tissue. If cancer cells remain in their original location, do not break and spread, this type of cancer is called noninvasive or in-situ cancer. But when the cancer cell has spread and attacks the surrounding tissue, the cancer has been called invasive (malignant cancer).

Based on the two characteristics above, the type of breast cancer is further divided into:

In situ breast cancer (not malignant)

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Ductal carcinoma in situ is a type of breast cancer that first begins in the ductal tissue. Ductal carcinoma is considered the most common precancerous condition.

Ductal carcinoma in situ is not life-threatening and is very treatable. But if it’s too late to get treatment, it can develop into invasive breast cancer.

Lobular carcinoma in situ
Lobular in situ carcinoma is also known as lobular neoplasia. These carcinoma cells do not actually include cancer, but look like cancer cells that grow in the breast lobules (tissue that produces milk).

Invasive breast cancer (malignant cancer)

Invasive ductal carcinoma
Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common type of breast cancer. Invasive ductal carcinoma covers about 80 percent of cases of invasive breast cancer.

This type of cancer starts from cancer cells in the milk ducts which then malign to break through the walls of the duct and eventually attack other nearby breast tissue. From there, cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the lymph system and blood flow.

Invasive lobular carcinoma
Invasive lobular carcinoma is the second most common type of breast cancer after invasive ductal carcinoma. This type of cancer refers to cancer that starts in the breast lobule (milk production network) and then attacks other breast tissue nearby.

Invasive types of lobular carcinoma are more common in women aged 55 years and over. In addition, 1 in 5 women who experience this type of cancer in both breasts. Cancer of invasive lobular carcinoma can also spread to other organs.

Invasive lobular carcinoma is usually more difficult to detect through physical examination or imaging such as mammography compared to invasive ductal carcinoma.

Inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer causes the breasts to swell and redden. This type of breast cancer occurs due to cancer cells blocking the lymph vessels in the skin.

Inflammatory breast cancer tends to grow and spread rapidly. In addition, the symptoms can also worsen in a matter of days or even hours.

Besides swelling and redness, you will also experience thickening of the skin which causes the breasts to look thicker and rough.

Paget’s disease (breast nipple cancer)

Paget’s disease is a rare type of breast cancer that specifically attacks the nipples and areola (the brown area around the nipple).

Symptoms of Paget’s disease can be very similar to an eczema rash because it causes the skin around the nipple to become very dry. In addition, the nipple can also bleed or yellow fluid complete with itching or burning.

Paget’s cancer usually affects only one nipple and tends to be associated with ductal carcinoma in situ.

Phyllodes tumor

Phyllodes is a rare breast tumor that develops in the connective tissue of the breast. Most of these tumors are benign, but 1 in 4 cases can be malignant. This condition generally affects women in their 40s.

Breast Angiosarcoma

This type of cancer is very rare. The numbers are only less than 1 percent of all breast cancer cases. Angiosarcoma appears first in cells lining blood vessels or lymph vessels in the breast, and attacks the tissue or skin of the breast.

Breast cancer angiosarcoma usually occurs due to radiation exposure to the breast.

Some types of breast cancer can be triggered by excessive levels of estrogen and / or progesterone in the body. So besides looking at the potential aspects of its spread, the types of breast cancer can also be grouped into 3 main subtypes based on three genetic markers (estrogen, progesterone, and protein receptors) that appear during biopsy examinations. This genetic marker is called HER2. B

Breast cancer positive receptor hormone (luminal)

Jennifer Specht, MD, an oncologist from Seattle Cancer Care Alliance in the United States states that the increase in the hormone estrogen can trigger the growth of breast cancer cells. If the results of biopsy tests report that you have a positive excess estrogen, then the type of cancer you have is strongly suspected is breast cancer hormone receptor positive (luminal) and most likely will be treated with hormone therapy.

HER2-positive breast cancer

HER2-positive breast cancer is a type of cancer that has too many copies of a protein called human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2).

HER-2 breast cancer is among the most common among most women. This type of cancer can include cancer positive or negative hormone receptors.

Triple negative breast cancer

Triple negative breast cancer is the cause of about 17% of total breast cancer cases. This type of breast cancer is the most aggressive because of the negatives of estrogen, progesterone, and also HER-2.

Usually this type of cancer is more common in premenopausal women and women with the BRCA1 gene mutation (cancer-carrying gene).

By knowing cancer hormone receptors and HER2 status, the doctor can decide to determine the right treatment for the type of cancer you have.

Can Deodorants Cause Breast Cancer?

Have you ever heard that using deodorants and antiperspirants can cause breast cancer? Until now, this has not been fully proven. In 2002 a study involving 813 women diagnosed with breast cancer and 793 women who did not have breast cancer conducted a study. The study did not show any connection between the use of deodorants and antiperspirants, nor shaving armpit books, with the risk of breast cancer.

But there are still some frequently asked questions related to deodorants and breast cancer, namely:

Does the content of aluminum in deodorants cause breast cancer?

Aluminum is one of the active components found in deodorants and antiperspirants. The aluminum component works by clogging the armpit sweat hole temporarily, thus preventing sweat from coming out. Some studies state that if aluminum is used continuously and allowed to absorb, it can change the estrogen hormone receptors found in breast cells. Because estrogen plays a role in the formation and growth of cancer cells in the breast, some researchers say there is a relationship between the use of aluminum-containing antiperspirants and the incidence of breast cancer.

But it is still unclear how much aluminum can actually be absorbed by our skin. A study examines how much aluminum from antiperspirants that contain aluminum chlorohydrate is absorbed by the skin. This study states that only 0.012% of aluminum can be absorbed. The possibility of aluminum from antiperspirants entering the body through absorption of skin is much smaller when compared to aluminum that you get from food.

In addition, cancer cells in breast cancer patients have aluminum levels that are more or less the same as normal cells around them, so the statement that aluminum content in deodorants and antipersipirants can cause cancer still needs further research.

Can parabens cause breast cancer?

Parabens are compounds used for preservatives and additives in food. Parabens are found in various types of make up and skin care products (lipstick, mascara, lotions, sunscreen, etc.). Parabens are a conversation because they mimic the hormone estrogen so that it can increase the risk of abnormal breast cell growth.

A 2004 study found parabens in breast tumor cells, but this study still raises questions. The study cannot state whether parabens found in tumor cells cause or contribute to abnormal cell growth in the breast. So based on the research, the relationship produced between parabens and breast tumor cells is not a causal relationship.

In addition, parabens produce compounds that resemble estrogen, but the estrogen produced by the body is hundreds of times stronger. This makes estrogen that is actually produced by the body and estrogen-related hormonal drugs have a greater influence on the possibility of breast cancer than estrogen derived from parabens. This study also did not reveal where parabens found in tumor cells were obtained, whether from other skin care products or specific only from deodorants. If you are concerned about the adverse effects of parabens, you can see the composition of the product you are using. Products that use parabens are required to write parabens in their composition.

Why are we asked not to use deodorants when checking mammograms? Does this mean deodorants cause breast cancer?

You are asked not to use deodorants and antiperspirants when going through a mammogram because many of the deodorant and antiperspirant products contain aluminum. This metal component can appear on the results of a mammogram examination, in the form of small spots similar to microcalcification, a condition that can indicate breast cancer. Therefore, the use of deodorants and antiperspirants is not recommended during a mammogram, because it can make the results of the examination confusing and confusing.

So, is it safe to use deodorant?

Until now there is still no research that can state that the use of deodorants and antiperspirants causes breast cancer. If you are still worried about the chemicals found in deodorants, you can try looking for deodorants that use as little chemicals as possible. Nowadays there are many sold in the market type of aluminum-free deodorant and free of parabens.

Risk of Having Large Sized Breasts

Some women long to have extra-large breasts to increase self-confidence. But don’t be mistaken, having extra sized breasts can actually cause problems.

There are some parties who associate the relationship between chest size that is too large with health complaints. This is especially true for women who wear a bra wrong, but not according to the size of the actual breast.

The size of the breast that is considered extra large is that has a weight of more than half a kilo per breast according to the Shnur scale. Such large breasts are known as macromastia. Meanwhile, the larger breast size of macromastia in the medical world is commonly known as gigantomastia. Breasts that experience gigantomastia experience an increase of up to 1 kg more per breast.

Breast enlargement usually occurs during puberty, after childbirth, along with weight gain, and at menopause. For extra-large size, it is usually caused by more adipose fat growth than the mammary glands. Other conditions that can cause macromastia are genetic, postcasectomy, and post asymmetric lumpectomy.

Some Health Problems Related to Breasts

The health problems below are often associated with breast size that is too large.

Back and neck pain

The size of the breast that is too large makes the chest bear a heavier burden too. If this is not properly supported by the surrounding muscles, some health problems may arise, such as severe back pain, spinal deformation, and difficulty maintaining good posture. In addition, neck pain can also occur.

The owners of large breasts also often feel insecure. They often hide their breasts by bending forward. This will probably aggravate pre-existing back pain. In addition to back pain, owners of large breasts are also often constrained by bra straps and feel uncomfortable while on the move because their movements become limited.

Other medical conditions

In addition, breast size that is too large is also associated with numbness in the fingers and pain in the chest wall. Women with extra breast size often experience shortness of breath.

Other health problems that can arise due to excessive breast size are headaches and migraines. Women with extra breasts can also experience sleep disturbances, sleep apnea, rashes under the breasts or between breasts and under the lines of bra straps. Another disorder that can arise is the difficulty of an extra-large breasted woman in physical activity.

Although doctors are not sure that health complaints are related to breast size that is too large, there are things that should be taken into consideration. Changes in structure may occur due to excessive burden on a person’s chest. The age of women who increase with a heavy burden due to extra sized breasts risks putting pressure on the ribs, shoulder blades, and nerves in the chest area.

Breast cancer

Some people point out that breast size that is too large is more at risk of developing breast cancer. As this sounds not too convincing, the assumption is still uncertain.

A study did mention that there are genetic variations associated with breast size. There are also genetic variations associated with breast cancer. But the study did not show a link between extra breast size and the risk of getting cancer. Further research is needed for this. Because true breast cancer is a complex condition and is influenced by several factors.

Factors that associate someone with the risk of developing breast cancer are age, ethnicity, estrogen level, and a history of breast cancer in the family. In addition, other factors such as breastfeeding history, weight, lifestyle factors, and menopause can also have an impact.

To be sure, breasts that are too large can make it difficult for the owner when trying to detect a lump or tumor. This happens because large breasts have more tissue. The number of existing networks is increasingly difficult for breast owners to do early detection.

For owners of large breasts, it is important to visit the doctor regularly to undergo a clinical breast examination. If the owner of an extra size breast is 40 years and over, a mammogram is recommended.

Regarding the health conditions above, although it still requires further research, it can be used as a consideration for anyone who intends to enlarge the breasts, especially for extra size. Although breast implant procedures are considered safe, making extra-sized breasts may have an impact

Alternative Treatment for Breast Cancer

The term complementary medicine or alternative medicine is often misunderstood by many people. Complementary medicine usually cannot replace conventional medical treatment, and is only used as an additional treatment. But this treatment does not promise cure for any disease.

Surveys show that 65% of people use alternative medicine to cure cancer, along with clinical treatment from doctors. This treatment is done to control the symptoms of cancer and there is no evidence to show that alternative medicine can cure or reduce cancer.

Discuss with your doctor about alternative medicine before deciding which treatment to use.


Acupuncture is a treatment by placing a fine needle on a particular part of the skin. How acupuncture works is to trigger the nervous system so that it can cause certain effects in the body. One of the effects of acupuncture is that it can increase natural chemicals in the body which are useful for pain relief, reduce nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.

Acupuncture studies say that acupuncture can reduce nausea in patients with breast cancer. However, further research is needed to find out the overall effects of acupuncture.

Visual guide

Visualization is another term used for visual guidance. Visualization is often used in alternative medicine. With this treatment, patients can describe the situation with sensory details to reach the target.

This guide can minimize symptoms of depression or increase positive feelings in patients. This treatment can be done under the guidance of a therapist or done alone. Patients can use CDs or smartphones when practicing therapy.

Herbal supplements

Herbal supplements can reduce nausea or other symptoms, but herbal supplements lack scientific evidence because the evidence for treatment is not well designed and the results are still questionable. In addition, supplements can also interfere with the function of drugs consumed and can cause other side effects that can be harmful. Supplements are consumed as a complementary ingredient in alternative medicine, so the use must be consulted with a doctor.

Dietary habit

Eating healthy food is a good action for the body because by consuming healthy foods, the body will get the nutrients it needs. However, we must be careful of advertisements that promote foods that can cure cancer or disease, and suggestions for consuming certain vitamins in high doses.

One of the diets used by many cancer sufferers is the Gerson diet, which suggests drinking a mixture of coffee enemas and crushed fruits and vegetables, and taken every hour. Laxatives or laxatives can be part of an alternative treatment. Ginger and peppermint tea can reduce nausea and are safe for consumption.

There is no food that can cure cancer. If we want, we can change food intake. Doctors will usually give input in choosing nutritious foods and foods that can have good effects on the body during treatment.


Yoga is a complementary treatment that combines nutrition, meditation, and exercises that are useful for uniting body and mind. Movement in yoga is designed to build strength and flexibility. Yoga instructors usually teach yoga in class, but we can also do yoga by looking at the yoga guide from the video.

Yoga is useful for women who have cancer because yoga can reduce fatigue, make sleep better, and make feelings feel better. Doing yoga regularly is not difficult, we can also ask the yoga instructor to provide yoga information that is suitable for our body’s abilities.

Other treatments

Complementary and alternative treatments commonly used as cancer treatments include:

  • Prayer
  • Hypnosis
  • Aroma therapy
  • Reiki
  • Tai chi
  • Shiropractic therapy

Treatment must provide comfort and ease the patient’s condition. Patients must also have the power to try different treatments and consult with their doctors until they find the most suitable treatment.

Side effects

Some treatments may not interfere if mixed with conventional drug use. Sometimes treatment can cause side effects or reduce the function of the drug. Supplements and herbal medicines in alternative medicine are not necessarily safe drugs because alternative treatments are not regulated by government laws.

Stopping the doctor’s medication and using only alternative medicine is an action that can increase the risk of disease growth. This can also make cancer more difficult to treat if the patient or patient has cancer

What Causes Breast Cancer in Females

Breast cancer occurs because the cells in the breast grow abnormally and uncontrollably. These cells divide rapidly and gather to form lumps, then can spread to the lymph nodes or to other organs.

Not yet known what causes these cells to turn into cancer cells, but experts suspect that there is an interaction between genetic factors with lifestyle, environment, and hormones, so that cells become abnormal and grow out of control.

Breast Cancer Risk Factors

Several factors are known to increase the risk of breast cancer. However, someone with a number of risk factors is not necessarily attacked by breast cancer, whereas someone without risk factors can get cancer. Someone who has had cancer in one breast has a high risk of cancer in the other breast.

Other factors that can increase the risk of breast cancer include:

  • Age. The risk of breast cancer will increase with increasing age.
  • Gender. Women are more susceptible to breast cancer than men.
  • Radiation exposure. Someone who has undergone radiotherapy, is prone to breast cancer.
  • Obesity. Excess weight increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Have never been pregnant. Women who have been pregnant and breastfeeding have a lower risk of breast cancer than women who have never been pregnant and breastfeeding.
  • Giving birth at old age. Women who have had children over the age of 30 are more at risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Alcohol consumption. Recent studies show that small amounts of alcohol consumption still increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • Hormone replacement therapy. After menopause, women who get hormone replacement therapy with estrogen and progesterone are more at risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Start menstruation too young. Women who experience menstruation under the age of 12 are known to be more at risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Late menopause. Women who have not experienced menopause until the age of 55 years are also at risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Family history of breast cancer. Mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes can also make breast cancer lowered from parents to children. In addition, someone who has a close family member who has breast cancer also has a higher risk of experiencing it.

Signs of Breast Cancer in Women

Most women only look for lumps in their breasts and not other general indicators. This is wrong, although lumps are the most recognized symptom of cancer, but that does not mean it is the only symptom of breast cancer.

The National Cancer Institute estimates that more than 190,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer each year. Even one in eight women will have breast cancer in his life.

Unidentified breast cancer can be deadly, but when breast cancer is detected early, this is called the “local stage” and the survival rate of five years is 100 percent. so being aware of possible symptoms other than a lump in the breast, can save your life.

The following are other symptoms of breast cancer, in addition to the presence of lumps:

1. Pain or discharge from the nipple

Are your nipples a little sore or hurt when touched? Or do they release fluid that is not breast milk?

2. Changes in the texture or enlargement of skin pores

Some describe that the skin due to breast cancer has a texture like orange peel.

3. Pain that does not heal

Even if you have applied ointment or antibiotics, does the pain continue?

4. Coughing or hoarseness that does not heal

Is there no cause for your cough (not related to a cold or flu) and persistent?

5. Changes in the bladder or intestine

Does your bowel movements become irregular? Do you suffer from diarrhea or constipation for no apparent reason?

6. Loss of energy

Do you feel very weak or tired, no matter how much sleep you have gotten?

7. Change in body weight

Does your weight increase or decrease for no apparent reason?

8. Lumps in the armpit

Did you find a lump in your armpit and not in the breast? Breast tissue does extend to the armpit, so the cancerous lump does not necessarily occur in the breast.

9. Irregular breast size

Does your other breast feel bigger than the other?

10. Persistent itching

Itching that doesn’t go away, can show fluid that builds up, bad lymph function, or your body tries to make new blood vessels for breast tumors.

11. Back pain at the top

Do you suffer from back pain that never subsides even though you have stretched, chiropractic treatment, or even rested?

Breast cancer can cause back pain when the tumor grows and pushes nerves and ligaments, or when the cancer metastasizes to bone cancer.

So, check your breasts regularly, either a few days after menstruation if you feel like a lump, or around the same day every month even though you don’t feel you have it.

During monthly checks, look at the nipples and skin of the breast, then gently push your breasts and surrounding tissue to see if there is fluid or lumps.

About 20 percent of breast cancers are found by physical examination rather than mammography. And don’t forget to check the area around your armpit. If you feel symptoms like the one above, it’s better to immediately make an appointment with your doctor.

What is The Symptom of Breast Cancer

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), breast cancer is one of the most diagnosed cancers in women in Indonesia. Breast cancer occurs when cancer cells grow from breast tissue which includes the lobules and breast ducts, along with fat and connective tissue.

In some cases, there are no specific symptoms of breast cancer especially in the early stages. The earlier breast cancer is found, the easier it is for cancer to be treated. This is why early detection is very important. The following are some symptoms that can indicate breast cancer. Having one or more of the symptoms below does not always indicate that you have cancer. However, you are advised to see a doctor immediately if you experience some symptoms and have never undergone a previous examination.

1. Lump in the breast

For many women, a lump in the breast is one of the early symptoms of breast cancer. This lump is usually not painful, although some people actually feel the opposite. As a precautionary measure, you should check the condition of your breasts every month to get to know breast tissue. Thus, you will easily detect foreign and abnormal lumps.

2. Changes in breast skin

Some women find changes in the skin of their breasts. There are a number of rare breast cancer subtypes that cause skin changes, so these skin symptoms are often considered as ordinary infections. These breast skin changes include:

  • Irritation
  • Redness
  • Skin thickening
  • Indentations on the network
  • Skin texture like orange

3. Changes in nipple condition

Nipple conditions can also show symptoms of breast cancer. See a doctor if you find changes in the shape of your nipples, pain, or abnormal discharge.

4. Lumps in the armpit

The breast tissue extends down to the arm, so that cancer cells can spread through the lymph nodes under the arm. Check with your doctor if you find a lump or abnormal area around your breast.

4. Metastatic breast cancer

Breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body is called metastatic breast cancer or stage 4 breast cancer. Although it is rarely successfully cured, efforts to stop the spread of cancer must still be done. The organs most likely to be affected by metastatic breast cancer are the brain, bones, lungs, and liver. Your symptoms will vary depending on the organ affected by the spread of cancer.

Symptoms of bone metastasis are painful and brittle bones, while symptoms of brain metastasis include visual disturbances, seizures, nausea, and headaches that keep coming. Meanwhile, symptoms of liver metastasis, including:

  • Jaundice (on the skin and eyes)
  • Rashes or itching on the skin
  • Abnormal liver enzymes
  • Appetite loss or nausea
  • Patients with lung metastasis may experience chest pain, chronic cough, or difficulty breathing.

If you experience these symptoms, it’s not necessarily your breast cancer has spread. Depression or anxiety, infection, or other diseases can cause several similar symptoms. For a more accurate diagnosis, contact your doctor for the appropriate test.

If you experience these symptoms, it does not mean you have positive breast cancer. Infection or cysts, for example, can also cause symptoms as described above. Make sure you contact your doctor if these symptoms appear or have not been examined before.