What is The Main Cause of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in breast tissue. Malignant tumors are a collection of cancer cells that develop rapidly into the surrounding tissue or spread to further parts of the body. This disease occurs almost always in women but can also occur in men.

Cancer cells can form in fat tissue in the breast, mammary glands (lobules), or in the milk duct (duct)

What are the characteristics of breast cancer?

The most characteristic features of breast cancer are the appearance of a lump in the breast. Lumps of breast cancer characteristics have a hard texture with unclear boundaries and uneven surfaces.

Lumps also continue to stay 8 to 10 days after menstruation. If a lump of breast cancer features close to the nipple, it will be seen that the nipples are attracted in and are rather sticky.

In addition to the appearance of breast cancer, signs and characteristics that you can identify with others are:

  • Change in size, shape, or appearance of the breast.
  • Shape changes in the nipple.
  • Pain in the breast that never goes away, even when you have entered the menstrual period the following month. Even so, some women also experience no pain or pain in their breasts.
  • The nipples emit clear, brown, or yellow liquid.
  • The nipples suddenly turn red and swollen without knowing the cause.
  • Swelling around the armpit caused by enlarged lymph nodes in the area.
  • Venous veins are seen in the breast, as a result the veins in the breast are clearly visible.
  • At an advanced stage begins to appear abnormalities in the skin of the breast (such as orange skin or reddish skin), sometimes the skin also becomes stifled like a dimple because it is attracted by a lump.
  • If you experience or suspect one of the symptoms and characteristics of breast cancer as mentioned above, you should immediately consult a doctor. This is done so that you get the right treatment according to your condition. By being responsive to the characteristics of breast cancer, your chances of getting better from this disease are getting bigger.

There may be some signs or symptoms of breast cancer that have not been mentioned. If you want to know more about the characteristics of breast cancer, consult your doctor.

What causes breast cancer?

The cause of breast cancer is unknown. Even so, experts believe if the cause of breast cancer is because breast cells develop abnormally and form a lump in the breast. This lump can spread to the surrounding tissue and to other parts of the body.

There are several conditions that can be factors that cause breast cancer. Doctors estimate that around 5–10 percent of the causes of breast cancer are related to gene mutations 1 (BRCA1) and gene 2 (BRCA2) that are inherited in the family. So if you have a history of cancer in the breast in the family, you should check your blood to detect the gene.

In addition to gene mutations, experts also agree that a medical history and lifestyle of a person can be a factor causing breast cancer.

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How do Bra Sizes Work That You Should Know

The average girl complains why she is uncomfortable when wearing a bra. The question is, do you choose the right bra? If you buy a bra that is not in accordance with breast size, it can make you uncomfortable and risk health problems.

When buying a bra, you will definitely see various sizes like 32A, 34C, 38B and others. But do you know what those numbers and letters mean? Come on, so I don’t choose the wrong one, read the following guidelines:

Measure and check the label numbers and letters first

First, find out first the bottom circle and your breast circumference. The lower circumference of the breast is measured by using a meter, which is looped to the body right at the bottom of the chest or ribs.

While the breast circumference is usually called the cup, measured from one outer ring of your breast to the other end, crossing the nipple. After making measurements, match the results with the following information:

Lower breast size BH size
63-67 cm 30 or 65
68-72 cm 32 or 70
73-77 cm 34 or 75
78-82 cm 36 or 80
83-87 cm 38 or 85
88-92 cm 40 or 90.

How to measure breast cup

The size of the breast (Cup) is indicated by letters A to D. The question is, how do you find out your cup size? To find out, you can use the formula: (Size of breast circumference – size of the lower breast circumference) + 2.

For example, you have breasts measuring 70 cm in circumference, and the size of the lower breast circumference is 60 cm. Then your cup size is (70-60) + 2 = 12 cm. To find out what breast you are in, you can use the guide below:

10 – 12 cm = cup A
13-14 cm = cup B
15-17 cm = C cup
18-19 cm = cup D
20-22 cm = E. cup

However, the size of numbers and letters between brands can be different. More precisely, you can try it directly if you want to buy a bra to fit your breast size.

Signs you choose the wrong bra

Besides measuring your breasts directly, you can also buy or choose a bra with the following guidelines:

Make sure when worn, the bra back strap does not rise and becomes higher than the cup. If the bra strap rises, then this indicates that your bra size is not right

Your bra may be looser for a certain period. Generally within a period of 8 months, depending on how often you wear it. You better have seven to eight bras to be used alternately. The goal is that you do not wear the same bra continuously in two days and last longer. If some bras already feel uncomfortable, maybe it’s time to buy a new one.

Is it better for a bra with foam or not? You want to use a bra with foam or not depending on the characteristics of the breast. If your breasts are included, then a bra without foam can be an option. If not, you can choose a push-up bra with foam and wire, which can make your breasts look more beautiful.

Generally, girls are also less careful in maintaining bra quality. So what to do? Yes, of course it is washing bras. The bra must be washed using your own hands with cold water. Avoid inserting bras into the washing machine so that the straps do not loose and break quickly.

Causes and Ways to Overcome Small Breasts

At puberty, a woman’s body will experience several changes. One of them is enlarged breasts. But each woman’s breast size is not the same, there are also those who have small or large breasts.

When women experience puberty, usually at the age of 8-13 years, the body will begin to produce and release the hormone estrogen. As a result, fat in the connective tissue in the breast also unites and enlarges. This extra fat causes women’s breasts to start growing bigger. During this time women will also start getting menstruation for the first time.

Women’s breasts can continue to grow during adolescence and even until the early 20s. Enlarged breast size will be different for each woman. Some have large breasts, small breasts, even asymmetrical breasts, where the right and left breasts are of different sizes.

Causes of Small Breasts

Small breasts can be caused by several factors below, including:

Descent

If your mother’s breast size is large, chances are that you also have a large breast size. Vice versa, if your mother has small breasts.

Weight

Having more fat in the body makes you more likely to have bigger breasts. Even when you begin to diligently lose weight by exercising and maintaining a diet, one of the members of the body that first shrinks is the breast.

Menopause

When you approach menopause, your estrogen hormone levels drop dramatically. As a result, the glandular tissue in the breast also shrinks, and the breast becomes smaller, less dense, more fatty, and sagging.

Breast hypoplasia

It is a condition in which breast tissue does not develop properly so as to make small breast size. The cause of this condition is not known with certainty, but it is thought to be caused by congenital abnormalities from birth, heredity, or side effects of radiation therapy in the chest area in childhood.

Ways to Overcome Small Breasts

If you have small breasts and feel disturbed, there are several ways that can make your breasts look firmer and bigger.

Sports

Sports that focus on the chest, back and shoulder muscles are believed to help improve posture and tighten and strengthen the chest muscles behind breast tissue. The following are exercises to tighten the chest muscles:

  • Do push ups 12 times, repeat three times.
  • Align your hands forward with your palms pressed together, then open until your hands are straight next to your shoulders. Repeat this movement for one minute.
  • Align your hands to the side, then make a circular motion back and forth for one minute each.
  • Bend your hands next to your shoulders to form a U-shape. Open and close your hands back and forth.
  • Sleep on your back, both hands holding dumbbells, both legs bent. Lift both hands up and down again 12 times, repeat three times.

Wear a push-up bra

Using a push-up bra makes the breasts lift up until the small breasts look fuller. You can also make small breasts look bigger by stuffing cloth into a bra or wearing two bras at once.

Massaging the breast

Massaging the breast is thought to increase blood flow and stimulate collagen production in the breast. Later it can tighten the muscles and increase the growth of breast tissue until the small breasts look big. However, this has not been supported by scientific evidence and research.
Improve body posture
Walking and sitting with your body upright makes the small breasts look bigger.

Breast enlargement surgery

The only way that is sure to succeed in making small breasts fuller and tighter is to do breast augmentation surgery using implants. At least there are two types of breast implants, namely those containing sterile (saline) and silicone brine. Saline implants are believed to be safer to use than silicone implants. If it leaks, even if it’s a little, silicone implants can damage the immune system. While saline implants will be safely absorbed or removed from the body. But beforehand, find out the risks and costs of breast implants by consulting a doctor.
The effectiveness of each method of overcoming small breasts above is different. So far, the best level of effectiveness in improving breast shape is surgery, because it has a permanent effect.

If you are not satisfied with small breasts, you can try a number of ways above to help change the shape of your breasts. But to ensure that the form of small breasts is not due to a serious medical condition, you are advised to see a doctor.

Can Deodorants Cause Breast Cancer?

Have you ever heard that using deodorants and antiperspirants can cause breast cancer? Until now, this has not been fully proven. In 2002 a study involving 813 women diagnosed with breast cancer and 793 women who did not have breast cancer conducted a study. The study did not show any connection between the use of deodorants and antiperspirants, nor shaving armpit books, with the risk of breast cancer.

But there are still some frequently asked questions related to deodorants and breast cancer, namely:

Does the content of aluminum in deodorants cause breast cancer?

Aluminum is one of the active components found in deodorants and antiperspirants. The aluminum component works by clogging the armpit sweat hole temporarily, thus preventing sweat from coming out. Some studies state that if aluminum is used continuously and allowed to absorb, it can change the estrogen hormone receptors found in breast cells. Because estrogen plays a role in the formation and growth of cancer cells in the breast, some researchers say there is a relationship between the use of aluminum-containing antiperspirants and the incidence of breast cancer.

But it is still unclear how much aluminum can actually be absorbed by our skin. A study examines how much aluminum from antiperspirants that contain aluminum chlorohydrate is absorbed by the skin. This study states that only 0.012% of aluminum can be absorbed. The possibility of aluminum from antiperspirants entering the body through absorption of skin is much smaller when compared to aluminum that you get from food.

In addition, cancer cells in breast cancer patients have aluminum levels that are more or less the same as normal cells around them, so the statement that aluminum content in deodorants and antipersipirants can cause cancer still needs further research.

Can parabens cause breast cancer?

Parabens are compounds used for preservatives and additives in food. Parabens are found in various types of make up and skin care products (lipstick, mascara, lotions, sunscreen, etc.). Parabens are a conversation because they mimic the hormone estrogen so that it can increase the risk of abnormal breast cell growth.

A 2004 study found parabens in breast tumor cells, but this study still raises questions. The study cannot state whether parabens found in tumor cells cause or contribute to abnormal cell growth in the breast. So based on the research, the relationship produced between parabens and breast tumor cells is not a causal relationship.

In addition, parabens produce compounds that resemble estrogen, but the estrogen produced by the body is hundreds of times stronger. This makes estrogen that is actually produced by the body and estrogen-related hormonal drugs have a greater influence on the possibility of breast cancer than estrogen derived from parabens. This study also did not reveal where parabens found in tumor cells were obtained, whether from other skin care products or specific only from deodorants. If you are concerned about the adverse effects of parabens, you can see the composition of the product you are using. Products that use parabens are required to write parabens in their composition.

Why are we asked not to use deodorants when checking mammograms? Does this mean deodorants cause breast cancer?

You are asked not to use deodorants and antiperspirants when going through a mammogram because many of the deodorant and antiperspirant products contain aluminum. This metal component can appear on the results of a mammogram examination, in the form of small spots similar to microcalcification, a condition that can indicate breast cancer. Therefore, the use of deodorants and antiperspirants is not recommended during a mammogram, because it can make the results of the examination confusing and confusing.

So, is it safe to use deodorant?

Until now there is still no research that can state that the use of deodorants and antiperspirants causes breast cancer. If you are still worried about the chemicals found in deodorants, you can try looking for deodorants that use as little chemicals as possible. Nowadays there are many sold in the market type of aluminum-free deodorant and free of parabens.

Strengths and Disadvantages of Breast Reconstructive Surgery

Not infrequently women who experience breast cancer are very worried and anxious about the shape of their breasts after treatment. Many women have to undergo breast surgery and eventually lose the shape of their breasts. Now, breast cancer patients can try to undergo breast reconstruction to make the shape of her breasts back. But before deciding, you should first know what are the pros and cons of this action.

What is breast reconstruction?

Breast reconstruction is a medical procedure that aims to improve breast shape after a person has a mastectomy or lumpectomy. Simply put, this action aims to form and make new breasts for breast cancer patients.

Although included in the breast cancer treatment plan, but as a patient you can decide whether you want to do breast reconstruction or not. There are two types of breast reconstruction that you can choose, namely:

  • Reconstruction using implants. This action uses implants made of silicon which will be used as a substitute for breast tissue.
  • Autologous reconstruction, ie new breast tissue is obtained from other body tissues, such as the thigh or stomach.


What are the benefits and risks of breast reconstruction?

Before you decide to form your breasts again, you should first know the advantages and disadvantages of this action.

Benefits of breast reconstruction

  • You will feel confident, because the shape of your two breasts is not too different and looks normal.
  • You will feel more ‘balanced’ because both breasts have the same shape and weight.
  • You can freely use any type of clothes.

Risk of breast reconstruction measures

  • Experiencing pain and complications after surgery. Just like operations in general which have risks.
  • You need time to recover.
  • You will have more surgical wounds.
  • At risk for infection.
  • This medical action is quite expensive.
  • There is no guarantee that the new breast form will be what you want.

Do I have to do breast reconstruction?

This decision depends on you. you should discuss it first with the medical team that deals with you about the risks of this action. In addition, you can also discuss and ask the opinion of the closest people regarding the pros and cons of reconstruction in the breast.

What happens if I don’t do breast reconstruction?

Doing breast reconstruction or not really depends on each individual. If you are more comfortable and choose not to do it, then there is no problem with that. You are not alone, there are many women who feel that reconstruction is in the breast. Some of them reasoned that they did not want to return to the pain of surgery on their breasts.

If you don’t want to do breast reconstruction, don’t worry, you will still be able to get beautiful and not different breast forms from other normal women. You can use a breast prosthesis, or some kind of fake breast made of silicone that can be attached to your bra.

5 Gymnastic Movements to Speed ​​Up Recovery After Breast Surgery

After breast surgery, the body does not just recover immediately. Breast surgery can affect the ability of shoulder movements, arms, even the ability to draw deep breaths. After breast surgery it feels like pain, stiffness, and weakness so that the movement around the arm is limited. Therefore, practicing hand movements is one of the most effective and simple ways for you to recover quickly. What are the movements like? Check here.

1. Gymnastics stick

You can use items at home to do this movement. Use a stick or a broom handle as a tool. What is important, your stick must be longer than the shoulder. The purpose of doing this movement is to increase flexibility and range of motion of your arms back to normal.

Here’s how to do it:

  • Lie on your back on a mattress or floor. Position your back and neck must be straight.
  • To keep your back with your neck straight, you can bend your knees.
  • Position your feet straight on the mat, open slightly shoulder width apart.
  • Hold the stick above your stomach with both hands. Position of the palm facing up.
  • Then lift the stick above your head as far as you can.
  • Use your arms that are not affected by surgery to help other hand movements lift the stick.
  • Hold for 5 seconds
  • Next, return the stick to the stomach.
  • Repeat 5-7 times.

2. Elbow gymnastics

This gymnastic movement is a movement to train the upper chest and shoulders. Elbow gymnastics helps you to rotate your shoulders better and help flex your upper chest muscles. Here’s how to do it:

  • Do this exercise on the bed, on the floor, or on the mattress.
  • Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet straight on the floor.
  • Place both hands behind the neck to support the neck and head so that they don’t stick directly to the floor.
  • Point your elbows to the ceiling, as much as possible.
  • Lower your elbows parallel to the floor or mattress.
  • Repeat 5-7 times.


3. Side stretch

Gymnastics this time aims to help restore flexibility to the upper body muscles, shoulders and arms. Do it while sitting on a chair. Here’s how to do it:

  • Sit up straight in a chair, hold your hand in front of you in a position perpendicular to your body.
  • Lift your arms slowly to the top of the head with the arms fixed.
  • When your arms are above your head, bend your body to the right side. The position of the hand stays straight towards the top.
  • Then return to the starting position of the body straight in the middle.
  • Next point the body to the left in the same way.
  • Repeat 5-7 times to the right and left.

4. Wall climbing movement

In gymnastics after breast surgery this time, you are no longer sitting or lying down, but standing. This movement is intended so that you can lift your arms up as far as possible after breast surgery. Here’s how:

  • Stand upright facing the wall.
  • Place your hands on the wall parallel to your eyes. This is your starting position.
  • Then run your fingers over the wall, as high as you can reach your hand. Feel the shoulder joint and your arm muscles stretch.
  • The movement of your body stretches up to help your hands reach the wall as high as possible.
  • If you have found the highest point, it is stuck and cannot reach the upper part of the wall anymore, hold it in position with the position of the hand straight for 15 seconds.
  • Return your hands to the starting position, parallel to your eyes.
  • Repeat this movement 3-5 times.

In addition to the position facing the wall, you can also do it with a position beside the wall in the same way.

5. Shoulder squeeze blade

After breast surgery, you can also do a recovery movement on the edge of the bed. But if it’s not comfortable, you can move to sit upright in a chair. The following is how to do shoulder blade movements:

  • Sitting upright, neck and spine must be straight.
  • Place your hands behind your back while holding on.
  • Then, holding hands, pull both shoulders down and back.
  • Feel your shoulder moving closer to the spine, not upward towards the ear.
  • After pulling the shoulders as much as possible, hold this position for 3-5 seconds. At this time your chest will be wide open.
  • Repeat this exercise 5-7 times.

If you can’t move the right and left shoulder symmetrically or evenly, don’t worry, do what you can. Try to move according to ability until over time you can move it back perfectly.

Facts About Characteristics of Pregnancy 1 Week

Pregnancy is one of the exciting news that a husband and wife are waiting for. No wonder if many want to know as soon as possible, namely by trying to pay attention to the characteristics of 1 week’s pregnancy.

Characteristics of 1 week pregnant can not be seen or felt. Generally, the symptoms of pregnancy will begin when a period is late, which is around the fourth week of pregnancy. At that time, some women will experience abdominal cramps and blood spots, followed by nausea, vomiting, and other early pregnancy symptoms in the following weeks.

Calculation of Pregnancy

If the pregnancy is counted for 40 weeks from the first day of last menstruation (HPHT), then a woman has not really become pregnant in the first week.

New pregnancies occur at the end of the second week or the beginning of the 3rd week, depending on the fertile period or ovulation. When ovulating, the ovary will release the egg that moves towards the fallopian tube. To get a pregnancy, the egg must meet sperm in the fallopian tube.

The ovulation cycle that will determine the date of conception, generally occurs on days 13 to 20 after HPHT. However, ovulation also depends on how long a person’s menstrual cycle is. In general, the menstrual cycle is around 28 days, but some women have different cycles.

To find out the menstrual cycle pattern you can record the menstrual date for several months, measure basal body temperature (body temperature when you wake up in the morning) before ovulation, or observe the texture of vaginal fluid that looks clearer and slipperier. An easier way is to use an ovulation test using urine.

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Apart from not being able to menstruate, the first few weeks after conception, some women experience early pregnancy symptoms such as the following:

  • Breasts are swollen and sensitive
  • The breasts appear swollen, at the same time sensitive and painful when touched. However, these symptoms do not always appear as a feature of 1 week of pregnancy.
  • Nausea, with or without vomiting
  • Three weeks after conception, some women feel nauseous, with or without vomiting. Not only in the morning, this kind of nausea can happen at any time. This is related to pregnancy hormones.
  • Lower back pain
  • Some pregnant women also suddenly experience lower back pain, which is likely to continue during pregnancy, especially due to weight gain and changes in posture.

There are also other early pregnancy symptoms that are often complained about, such as urinating more often, feeling tired, sensitive to odors, and wanting to eat certain foods. Sometimes constipation and bloating also occur, because the digestive system in pregnant women slows down. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also trigger headaches.

Although it is difficult to determine the characteristics of 1 week of pregnancy, there is no need to worry. You can confirm this good news a few weeks later. If necessary, you can go to the obstetrician to make sure there are signs and characteristics of 1 week of pregnancy, although often it is not certain.

Babies Who Drink Breast Milk Tend To Be Smarter

Breast milk is highly recommended to be given to babies, especially during the first 6 months of life. This is because breast milk has a lot of benefits, starting from giving nutrition to the baby, increasing the baby’s immunity, to the benefits for the development of his brain. In fact, some say that Breast Milk makes children smart. Is that right?

Breast milk is the most perfect baby food for the first six months

Breast milk is the most perfect baby food. Nothing compares to the benefits of breast milk in infants, even formula milk that has been specifically designed to replace breast milk alone cannot match breast milk.

Newborns have imperfect digestion and immature immunity. Well, breastfeeding in newborns can help babies overcome this. This is because breast milk is easily digested by babies, and contains nutrients and antibodies needed by newborns.

Therefore, the world health institution and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia recommend that children be given breast milk alone (exclusive breastfeeding) for the first six months of their lives. At this time, Breast Milk is needed by children and breast milk alone is sufficient to support growth and development. After six months, breastfeeding is still recommended until the child is two years old, but is accompanied by other feeding.

Is it true that Breast Milk makes children smart?

Many studies have linked the benefits of breast milk to brain development and intelligence of children. One of them is research conducted by Dr. Bernardo Lessa Horta from the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil.

Research conducted by following the development of participants up to the age of 30 years proves that babies who are breastfed for at least the first year of life will grow smarter as adults and can have more income, reported Today.

This is also reinforced by other studies conducted by Dr. Betty Vohr, professor from Brown University. The study also said that babies who were given more breast milk showed a higher IQ.

Research by Dr. Michael Kramer, professor from McGill University also mentioned the same thing. The study also found that the longer the baby was breastfed, the greater the potential of the baby to have a higher IQ. Other studies also show that ASI babies grow smarter than babies who are bottle-fed.

According to Horta, this could happen probably because of the presence of long chain unsaturated fatty acids or docosahexanoic acid (DHA) contained in breast milk. This fatty acid is very important for brain development. In addition to DHA, breast milk also contains ARA, protein, taurine, and several enzymes that are important for the development of nerve tissue. This is what might underlie why breast milk influences the intelligence of children.

Not only the content of Breast Milk, when breastfeeding is actually an attempt to build a closer bond between mother and child. It also has a beneficial effect on the child’s brain development.

Other factors may affect children’s intelligence

Of the several studies mentioned above, Breast Milk is proven to make smart children. However, of course there are many other factors that influence children’s intelligence, among others, such as the closeness between parents and children, stimuli received by children to support their brain development, family background, and so forth.

Why Does Breast Milk Not Come Out After Childbirth?

After giving birth, the next task is to breastfeed the baby. However, sometimes problems arise while breastfeeding. Some mothers complain that the milk does not come out so they cannot breastfeed the baby a few days after birth. This is a normal thing. Mother’s milk usually only comes out two to three days after giving birth to some mothers.

However, the problem is if the mother’s milk does not come out until the fourth day or the mother’s milk comes out but very little so it is unable to meet the needs of the baby, and finally the ASI also does not come out. Smooth milk is also influenced by baby suction. The more often the baby sucks the mother’s breast to get milk, the more smooth the milk that comes out. However, if the milk comes out a little from the beginning so that eventually the mother rarely gives her milk to the baby, over time the milk production stops and the milk does not come out.

Why doesn’t Breast Milk come out even after giving birth?

Breast milk may not come out due to several factors, such as birth factors, factors during breastfeeding, maternal factors, and others. The following are causes of breast milk not coming out.

Birth factor

The birth factor can be the reason why breast milk doesn’t come out. This birth factor, such as:

  • Mothers are stressed or have traumatic childbirth because the labor process is very long or done by caesarean section which affects stress hormones which have an impact on delayed breastfeeding.
  • The use of large amounts of intravenous fluids or intravenous fluids during labor can cause breast swelling and the availability of breast milk to be delayed until the breast returns to normal.
  • Lots of blood loss, which is more than 500 ml. It usually occurs because the mother experiences bleeding after giving birth. This can interfere with the work of the pituitary gland in the brain that controls lactation.
  • Any retained placenta that affects the function of the placenta can delay the milk coming out.
  • Painkillers given during labor can also delay breastfeeding.

Maternal health factor

Mothers who experience health problems can affect hormones associated with breast milk production. Some conditions that can affect hormones and milk production are:

  • Diabetes during pregnancy or gestational diabetes. Diabetes is divided into two types, namely diabetes caused by the body that is not producing enough insulin (type 1 diabetes mellitus) or the body cannot use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes mellitus). Insulin also influences milk production and large fluctuations in insulin can have an impact on breast milk reserves. However, not all mothers with diabetes have this problem. controlling blood sugar levels and insulin levels can help keep milk production stable.
  • Gestational ovarian theca lutein cysts. These cysts develop during pregnancy and cause testosterone levels to increase, which suppresses milk production after giving birth. Research shows that testosterone levels decrease after three to four weeks after the cyst is overcome and in the end the breastfeeding process can run normally.
  • Overweight or obese. Mothers who are overweight before pregnancy are at risk of experiencing only a slight delay in the release of breast milk and breast milk. This is associated with low production of prolactin. If the cause of obesity is a metabolic disorder, such as polycystic ovary syndrome or hyperthyroidism, this is also a factor that affects breast milk reserves.
  • Treatment done by the mother. Some drugs can cause little milk production, such as hormonal contraception. Hormonal contraception contains estrogen which can affect milk production.

Mother breast factor

Problems with the mother’s breast can make the production of Breast Milk a little and the milk is late. Some maternal breast problems that affect breast milk production are:

  • Premature birth. Premature birth may cause cessation of the growth of breast tissue that produces breast milk at the end of pregnancy, resulting in only a small amount of milk-producing tissue at birth. But this can be overcome by good management of breastfeeding so that the growth of breast tissue can continue after childbirth.
  • Breasts are not fully developed. This can be caused by hypoplasia or insufficient mammary gland tissue.
  • Surgery or injury to the breast, which makes the breast tissue lost or damaged or damaged nerves associated with milk removal.
  • Unusual nipple shape, such as flat nipples or inside.

Management factors for breastfeeding

Separation of mother and baby after birth and poor start of breastfeeding can affect the release of breast milk. This is because the faster the mother’s breast is emptied or the faster the nursing baby in the hours or the first day after birth is associated with higher breast milk reserves. If breastfeeding or pumping breast milk in the early days after birth is rarely done by the mother, breastmilk production will even stop. Keep in mind, the more often breast milk is released, the more smoothly the production of breast milk.

What should I do if the milk has not come out on the fourth day?

Delaying the expenditure of breast milk can result in the baby losing his weight and this can hamper the physical and mental development of the baby. Therefore, you should try to “fish” the milk out. You can by skin contact with the baby, massaging the breast or pumping the milk out by hand every hour. It’s best to always monitor your baby’s weight, if the baby’s weight drops more than 7% of the birth weight because the baby is not enough milk, maybe milk supplementation is needed, either from breast milk donors or formula milk.