How to Take Care of a Pregnant Woman

When pregnant, especially first pregnancy, of course, mothers become alarmed about maintaining their own health and the fetus. The key to maintaining a healthy baby in the womb is to maintain your health. Healthy pregnancy can begin with caring for yourself physically and emotionally. With a healthy lifestyle and a healthy mindset, you will be free from problems during pregnancy. Well, the way to get pregnant is as follows:

1. Diligently Consult with a Doctor

Consult with your doctor after you find out that you are pregnant. This is very important because the doctor can tell you what preparations you need to do during the pregnancy and before labor. That is, you can get advice from experts since the beginning of pregnancy.

You also need to do an obstetric examination so that the doctor can anticipate what might happen during pregnancy and childbirth later. Ordinary doctors will also anticipate what method of labor is best for you.

2. Pay attention to nutritional intake

Pregnant women are advised to consume healthy and nutritious balanced foods, such as carbohydrates (bread, pasta, rice), fruits and vegetables, sources of protein (meat, eggs, nuts, fish, dairy products), essential vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron and folate.

To support healthy pregnancy, it takes 300 extra calories in the first 6 months of pregnancy. You can increase your nutritional intake by taking prenatal vitamins according to the doctor’s recommended dosage.

3. Regular Sports

Healthy pregnancy can not be separated from exercise. Many benefits can be taken by pregnant women with regular exercise, including:

  • Building the strength and endurance needed to bear the growing belly and rising body weight.
  • Makes it easier for the body to return to its original shape after the baby is born.
  • Helps prevent or relieve aches and pains.
  • Promotes blood circulation in the limbs and throughout the body.
  • Helps deal with physical burden when giving birth.
  • Reduce stress.

Good exercise for pregnant women includes brisk walking, swimming, yoga, pilates, and Kegel exercises. Exercise as long as you feel comfortable but don’t force yourself so hard that your body is exhausted or dehydrated.

4. Rest

Fatigue experienced in the first few months of pregnancy due to high levels of pregnancy hormones in the body, is also the body’s way of telling you to slow down activity.

If you have trouble sleeping at night, try to take a short nap or just lift your legs to a chair and relax for 30 minutes. If back pain interferes with sleep, try sleeping on your left side with your knees bent. Putting a pillow under your stomach can help relieve a tense or aching back.

In addition, you can try relaxation techniques that are safe during pregnancy, such as stretching, deep breathing, yoga, or massage for pregnant women. However, always discuss it first with your doctor and notify the sports instructor if you are pregnant.

5. Don’t smoke !!

Cigarettes are the number one taboo for pregnant women. Pregnant women who continue to smoke automatically make the fetus in the womb also smoke. Nicotine and carbon monoxide will be absorbed by the fetus. Smoking can increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight children, birth defects, and sudden infant death syndrome (babies who seem healthy die suddenly for no apparent reason).

6. Go to the Dentist

Because of hormonal changes, usually the gums and teeth of pregnant women become sensitive, therefore, during pregnancy, you don’t forget to often consult and check up with the dentist.

Studies show that dental and gum disease can cause premature birth and increase the risk of low birth weight babies.

7. Keep Emotions

Many pregnant women who feel moody during pregnancy, easily angry, easy to melow, easily happy, also become sensitive. But if this moody is severe to interfere with daily life.

If you feel tired of being alive, feel no enthusiasm for 2 weeks, immediately consult a doctor so you can get help from experts.

In order to be able to take care of the baby, you must pay attention to your own health. Although there are various restrictions and obligations during pregnancy, many other mothers also say that they feel the healthiest at that time. It is recommended to routinely consult with a doctor and undergo a pregnancy examination according to the schedule to maintain a healthy pregnancy condition.

Itchy Vaginal Area During Pregnancy

You might think that morning sickness and swollen feet are the most common symptom of pregnancy. Actually, vaginal itching during pregnancy is also the same generally.

Jennifer Keller, MD, assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at The George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences, quoted from The Bump, said, vaginal itching during pregnancy is caused by increased production of vaginal fluids due to a surge of hormones, which can cause irritation in vulva skin.

The good news is, when a vaginal infection is diagnosed as soon as possible, it will generally be easy for the doctor to treat your complaint. The hard part is to distinguish between normal vaginal discharge and what signifies actual infection. Here, we detail the various causes of vaginal itching, symptoms, treatment, and prevention tips.

What causes the vagina to itch and swell during pregnancy?

Itchy vagina can be a side effect of pregnancy which makes you more uncomfortable. It is important to get an examination because these symptoms can indicate something more serious, such as a sexually transmitted disease.

Causes of vaginal itching during pregnancy are the most common and not serious

You may also experience irritation from the soap, lotion, or detergent that you use everyday. Some compositions on certain products can increase sensitivity to the skin of pregnant women because the tissues that are attracted to stretch become more sensitive.

Causes of vaginal itching during pregnancy are more serious and must receive special attention

Pubic lice (pediculosis)

If you only experience superficial itching around the pubic hair, the pubic lice may be the cause.

You can easily contract pubic lice in public places or through sexual transmission. Pubic lice tend to be very contagious, so you can get them anywhere. This condition requires treatment by a doctor, as well as efforts to eradicate lice thoroughly from beds and clothing. Check with your doctor before using chemical lice.

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

1 in 5 pregnant women can develop this vaginal infection. BV occurs when there is an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria that live in the vagina, which especially – in pregnancy – can be affected by hormonal shifts. Symptoms include grayish and fishy vaginal discharge, pain during urination, and vaginal itching.

If left untreated, symptoms of BV will persist and babies can be born prematurely or have low birth weight. In women who are not pregnant, BV can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause infertility or damage the fallopian tubes.

In general, BV will disappear by itself. If you experience BV in your first trimester, your doctor may wait to treat it until the second trimester arrives. BV can usually be managed with the antibiotic Metronidazole or Clindamycin.

Yeast infection

Itchy and gifted sensations caused by yeast infections are usually caused by a soaring growth of Candida fungi, a natural fungus that lives in the vagina.

Yeast infections are commonly found in women, but pregnant women will be more susceptible to this condition because during pregnancy, elevated levels of estrogen and progesterone help create an environment where yeast can develop rapidly. Other causes of yeast infections include consumption of antibiotics and sex, both of which can interfere with the natural pH balance of the vagina.

Symptoms include itching in the vagina, textured vaginal discharge such as liquid cheese (runny and lumpy), sour smell, and pain.

Yeast infections that you experience during pregnancy will not have any effect on the fetus in the uterus. However, if you contract this condition during childbirth, there is little chance that your baby will contract the same infection as he passes through your vagina.

if you are pregnant or breastfeeding and you have this infection, you should avoid using oral anti-infective drugs. Instead, use a vaginal pessaries plus an anti-fungal cream, if needed.


Trichomoniasis is one of the most common and easily curable sexually transmitted diseases, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The Trichomonas vaginalis parasite is transmitted through sexual contact and generally lives in the vagina.

Trichomoniasis symptoms, including:

  • Yellowish-greenish, whitish, foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Sensation of itching, burning, and irritation during sexual intercourse.

To treat trichomoniasis, doctors will usually prescribe you with oral antibiotics, such as Metronidazole and Tinidazole.

Urine Infection Symptoms in Female Pregnant

Urinary tract infection is a condition that can occur due to bacteria that come from outside the body and then enter through the urinary tract and reach the urethra. Then the infection develops quickly in this part. Because the anatomical part of the body of a woman who has a urinary tract area is close to the rectum, a woman is indeed prone to urinary tract infections. Frequent urination during pregnancy is not a serious problem and this actually describes a normal condition. Especially related to the pattern of healthy fetal development. But the problem of urinating in pregnant women can be a painful urinary tract infection. The following is complete information about urinary tract infections in pregnant women.

Symptoms of a urinary tract infection

  • The mother feels pain or heat or a burning sensation especially when urinating.
  • Mothers will feel more frequent urination, but different than normal conditions.
  • The volume of urine released will be smaller but often so that it is not complete.
  • Mother can’t resist when she wants to urinate.
  • There is blood or mucus found in urine.
  • Abdominal pain in the lower part or cramps or abdominal pain such as stomach twisting while pregnant.
  • Pain during intercourse. (very not recommended because it can cause imminent abortion)
  • Often feel urinating without realizing it.
  • The mother will get a fever when pregnant, shivering or sweating.
  • Pregnant women cannot sleep quietly because they always want to urinate. (read: the danger of staying up late for pregnant women)
  • Several times urinating but in very large volumes.
  • Colored urine is more turbid, has a very strong aroma or smells bad.
  • Feeling depressed in the bladder, very strong pain under the abdomen.
  • Back pain is very severe as a sign when bacteria have spread to the kidney.
  • Nausea and vomiting if the infection condition has become more severe including the spread of bacteria to the kidneys and other organs. (read: how to deal with nausea during young pregnancy without medication)

Type of urinary tract infection in pregnant women


Cystitis is a condition that describes a urinary tract infection caused by bacteria actually developing in the urinary tract. Then the bacteria causes infection so that inflammation appears which is characterized by initial symptoms. This condition is often in pregnant women due to various changes in the body of pregnant women.

Kidney infection

Kidney infection is a condition when bacteria that cause urinary tract infections have developed to the kidney. Bacteria travel through the ureter to reach the kidneys, either kidney or both. Pregnant women can also be affected by pyelonephritis which is a complication due to a very serious urinary tract infection. If the infection has gone into the bloodstream it can cause death for the mother and fetus. Or if it happens in the third trimester it will increase the risk of having a premature baby with a low weight. And it’s usually difficult to get a healthy baby. (read: how to raise baby’s weight)

Asymptomatic bacteria

Asymptomatic bacteria is a condition when there are bacteria that cause infection in the urinary tract but often do not cause symptoms. It is difficult to know if this type of urinary tract infection in pregnant women. If the infection is not immediately known and get proper treatment, the infection can spread to the kidneys and increase the risk of maternal and fetal death. Therefore urine examination is very important to be done routinely for pregnant women. Not only at the beginning of pregnancy to look for signs of pregnancy.

Does urinary tract infection interfere with fetal growth?

Urinary tract infections that are well treated until the mother can heal completely can undergo pregnancy until the time to give birth. But when urinary tract infections do not get treatment it can cause problems for the mother’s kidneys. This condition often causes the mother to give birth to a premature baby so that the baby is born with a low weight. Then this can also cause baby’s health to decline due to imperfect organ formation. Even after giving birth, the mother can experience severe complications that cause death.