How to Take Care of a Pregnant Woman

When pregnant, especially first pregnancy, of course, mothers become alarmed about maintaining their own health and the fetus. The key to maintaining a healthy baby in the womb is to maintain your health. Healthy pregnancy can begin with caring for yourself physically and emotionally. With a healthy lifestyle and a healthy mindset, you will be free from problems during pregnancy. Well, the way to get pregnant is as follows:

1. Diligently Consult with a Doctor

Consult with your doctor after you find out that you are pregnant. This is very important because the doctor can tell you what preparations you need to do during the pregnancy and before labor. That is, you can get advice from experts since the beginning of pregnancy.

You also need to do an obstetric examination so that the doctor can anticipate what might happen during pregnancy and childbirth later. Ordinary doctors will also anticipate what method of labor is best for you.

2. Pay attention to nutritional intake

Pregnant women are advised to consume healthy and nutritious balanced foods, such as carbohydrates (bread, pasta, rice), fruits and vegetables, sources of protein (meat, eggs, nuts, fish, dairy products), essential vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron and folate.

To support healthy pregnancy, it takes 300 extra calories in the first 6 months of pregnancy. You can increase your nutritional intake by taking prenatal vitamins according to the doctor’s recommended dosage.

3. Regular Sports

Healthy pregnancy can not be separated from exercise. Many benefits can be taken by pregnant women with regular exercise, including:

  • Building the strength and endurance needed to bear the growing belly and rising body weight.
  • Makes it easier for the body to return to its original shape after the baby is born.
  • Helps prevent or relieve aches and pains.
  • Promotes blood circulation in the limbs and throughout the body.
  • Helps deal with physical burden when giving birth.
  • Reduce stress.

Good exercise for pregnant women includes brisk walking, swimming, yoga, pilates, and Kegel exercises. Exercise as long as you feel comfortable but don’t force yourself so hard that your body is exhausted or dehydrated.

4. Rest

Fatigue experienced in the first few months of pregnancy due to high levels of pregnancy hormones in the body, is also the body’s way of telling you to slow down activity.

If you have trouble sleeping at night, try to take a short nap or just lift your legs to a chair and relax for 30 minutes. If back pain interferes with sleep, try sleeping on your left side with your knees bent. Putting a pillow under your stomach can help relieve a tense or aching back.

In addition, you can try relaxation techniques that are safe during pregnancy, such as stretching, deep breathing, yoga, or massage for pregnant women. However, always discuss it first with your doctor and notify the sports instructor if you are pregnant.

5. Don’t smoke !!

Cigarettes are the number one taboo for pregnant women. Pregnant women who continue to smoke automatically make the fetus in the womb also smoke. Nicotine and carbon monoxide will be absorbed by the fetus. Smoking can increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight children, birth defects, and sudden infant death syndrome (babies who seem healthy die suddenly for no apparent reason).

6. Go to the Dentist

Because of hormonal changes, usually the gums and teeth of pregnant women become sensitive, therefore, during pregnancy, you don’t forget to often consult and check up with the dentist.

Studies show that dental and gum disease can cause premature birth and increase the risk of low birth weight babies.

7. Keep Emotions

Many pregnant women who feel moody during pregnancy, easily angry, easy to melow, easily happy, also become sensitive. But if this moody is severe to interfere with daily life.

If you feel tired of being alive, feel no enthusiasm for 2 weeks, immediately consult a doctor so you can get help from experts.

In order to be able to take care of the baby, you must pay attention to your own health. Although there are various restrictions and obligations during pregnancy, many other mothers also say that they feel the healthiest at that time. It is recommended to routinely consult with a doctor and undergo a pregnancy examination according to the schedule to maintain a healthy pregnancy condition.

Termination of Pregnancy at 4 Weeks

Termination of pregnancy has been carried out for a long time, especially in early trimester pregnancies. It is estimated that 26 million pregnancies are terminated legally. The drugs used available for pregnancy termination must have a safety value for the patient and for the doctor. And a trial has been carried out

Usually pregnancy termination can be done if it can be at risk for his mother’s life, and for mental health.

If termination is done early it will be safer. Termination can be done by medication (medical termination / medication), or through a vacuum procedure. The type of procedure desired depends on the medical history, how long the pregnancy is and the individual references.

In general, pregnancy termination is less risky than letting a child be born. complications from termination are very rare in less than 2 out of 100 cases. many of the complications occur when termination is more than 14 weeks of gestation. In some cases blood clots are stored in the uterus. or not all networks are raised this requires a repeat vacuum procedure. Other risks include bleeding, infection, injury to the uterus, and / or other organs, or difficult subsequent pregnancies. In some rare cases it should require blood transfusion or abdominal surgery or remove the uterus.

Termination of pregnancy is seen from a legal perspective

The most common legal definition of therapeutic abortion until then is termination of pregnancy before the fetus is able to live with the aim of saving the life of the mother. Some countries extend their law to “to prevent serious or permanent bodily injury to the mother or maintain maternal life or health. Some states allow what abortion if the pregnancy is likely to give birth to a baby with severe malpormation.

This hydroxystoid-3b dehydrigenase inhibitor inhibits the synthesis of endogenous progesterone. If given within 4 weeks after the first count of the last hook, this drug will trigger abortion in about 85% of women. The clinical response may be related to the level of endogenous progesterone in the blood. Nausea is the most common side effect, and if the abortion is incomplete there is a risk of bleeding. Other antiprogestins.

How Soon Should You Take a Pregnancy Test

If the egg succeeds in fertilizing the sperm, the egg cell will then attach to the lining of the uterus. This process is called implantation. Next the placenta will form and produce the pregnancy hormone, the chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) hormone. This hormone starts the blood and urine flow. The HCG concentration will increase rapidly during the beginning of pregnancy, reaching double every 2-3 days. This hormone level is measured through a pregnancy test or a testpack.

Checking pregnancy using a testpack is easy, but this instant method does not always provide accurate results because of a variety of factors, one of which is inappropriate checking time.

Here are tips on getting a pregnancy test to be more accurate.

Don’t test too early

More testpack products that claim to be credible since the first day were rejected, but rejected you are waiting for the delay to reach one week before. This waiting time is needed because on an early assessment test it is difficult to be approved by the HCG.

In fact, it takes 9-12 days since the cell fertilization process is successful until HCG can be accessed in the urine. However, if you can’t wait to find out if you are pregnant or not, ask your doctor to do a blood test. This test can test earlier than the testpack, it takes longer to find results because it is not as constant as a testpack.

Test if you correct the signs of pregnancy

In addition to menstruation that does not come, do an assessment if you allow the following signs.

  • Cramps like menstrual pain. Implantation can also make you stay like a sportsman, the harder it is to come to the moon. But in fact you don’t menstruate.
  • Spots or blood spots. Mild bleeding or blotches are common in the early weeks of the implantation process. Regarding differences in texture, color, and the amount of blood coming out. Contact your doctor immediately if your test results are positive, but you change the bleeding.
  • The breast aches and looks bigger. This is because of the transition of blood flow. Reversal of blood behind the skin of the breast may look darker and the nipple hurts. This condition occurs because at the beginning of pregnancy, the body produces estrogen and progesterone hormones which cause more physical changes to support fetal growth. However, this breast condition is not always considered a sign of evaluation because most women improve things that are deemed complete deferred.
  • Not as usual, you need nausea, handled, no appetite, also frequent urination.


Anytime if you feel doubtful

Women who are active during reproduction, ie after puberty and before menopause, have the opportunity to get pregnant while having sex with protection. Whenever you feel hesitant about being pregnant or not, you can of course do a pregnancy test. To get more accurate results, it needs a compilation that is already late in the month.

To be sure, you can ask your doctor for help because you can’t help, but you can also use a poor diet, stress, or certain medical problems that cannot be underestimated.

If the results are positive on the first day ends, your gestational age may have been around two weeks. However, these positive results can be wrong, although they are rare. To be more certain, check with a backup doctor.

Waiting, negative test results do not always mean you are not pregnant. You can either do the inspection procedure or do the test too early. In addition, you can also do the test by walking so that it does not give enough time for the testpack tool to work optimally. To be more accurate, you must use urine first after waking up in the morning. Don’t forget to pay attention to the expiration date of the testpack tool and get usage instructions correctly.

7 Causes of Dizziness During Pregnancy

Dizziness is often the case in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy. You also don’t need to worry because dizziness during pregnancy can be prevented by avoiding the following conditions or habits.

Dizziness during pregnancy is usually not a dangerous condition, and will disappear with increasing gestational age. But still, this condition can cause discomfort for some pregnant women.

Various Causes of Dizziness during Pregnancy
Here are some conditions or habits that can trigger dizziness during pregnancy:

Anemia

Some pregnant women often experience anemia due to lack of iron intake. This causes the red blood cells that carry oxygen to the brain and other organs to be less, thus triggering dizziness during pregnancy. Therefore, you are advised to get enough iron intake, especially when entering the second and third trimesters. If necessary, consume iron supplements as recommended by the doctor.

Lack of energy

Dizziness during pregnancy can also be a sign that the body needs energy intake. Too late to eat about 1-2 hours can make pregnant women dizzy. This condition often occurs in pregnant women who have difficulty eating or drinking because of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. For that, always prepare healthy snacks as an energy supply. Also, try to eat by eating small portions but often to avoid dizziness during pregnancy.

Dehydration

Like hunger, dehydration can also cause dizziness during pregnancy. During pregnancy, pregnancy hormones in the mother’s body will make more fluid flow to the fetus to support life and the formation of organs. In addition, pregnancy hormones also cause your body to sweat more. If this fluid requirement is not sufficient, pregnant women can become dehydrated. To prevent dehydration during pregnancy, it is recommended to drink 10 glasses of water per day, loose clothes, and activate air conditioning.

Stand up suddenly

When sitting, blood will collect in the legs. Standing suddenly can trigger dizziness during pregnancy. This is because the blood flow to the heart becomes less, so that blood pressure drops rapidly. To prevent dizziness during pregnancy, try to stand slowly from a sitting or lying position.

Stand too long

Standing too long can also cause dizziness during pregnancy because a lot of blood accumulates in the area of ​​the foot. To overcome this, try sitting or lying down until the dizziness subsides. Not only that, you can also move your legs for several minutes to help facilitate blood circulation.

Lying too long

Lying in a supine position for too long can also trigger dizziness during pregnancy, especially in the second and third trimesters. This is because blood vessels behind the uterus are pinched. As a result, blood flow back from the legs and pelvis to the heart will be blocked and not flow smoothly. To prevent dizziness during pregnancy, lie on your side to the left to increase blood flow to the heart and brain. In addition, refuse your back with a pillow to make it more comfortable.

Hormonal changes

The cause of dizziness during pregnancy because of hormonal changes is actually unavoidable, because it is a natural process of the body during pregnancy. Dizziness during pregnancy because hormonal changes occur because the pregnancy hormone produced makes your blood vessels dilate. On the one hand, widening these blood vessels is needed to increase blood flow to the fetus. But on the other hand, it makes the blood supply to your brain become reduced, causing dizziness. To anticipate and overcome dizziness during pregnancy because of these hormonal changes, you are advised to consult a gynecologist so that treatment can be given if needed.
Dizziness during pregnancy is a natural thing, but it is advisable to remain vigilant especially if accompanied by other symptoms such as fainting, severe abdominal pain, convulsions, fever, weakness in limbs, blurred vision, and vaginal bleeding. Immediately consult your obstetrician about the signs of symptoms that are experienced.

Causes of Menstruation Not Smooth

Menstruation is not smooth or irregular menstruation, is a condition when the menstrual cycle becomes slower, faster, passes several months, or does not even occur at all.

Menstruation is the process of the uterine wall being shed accompanied by bleeding, usually occurring for 3-7 days. Naturally the menstrual cycle occurs every 28-36 days and lasts 11-13 times in one year. Every woman experiences a different menstrual cycle, can be shorter or longer.

Menstruation type is not smooth

Menstruation is said to be not smooth or irregular if the cycle occurs less than 21 days or more than 35 days. In addition menstruation is classified as not smooth if the length of menstruation changes every month. Blood volume that is not the same, sometimes a lot and sometimes a little, is also one of the non-fluent menstrual forms.

Non-fluent menstruation usually occurs in the first few years after entering. However, if menstruation does not occur smoothly not in the first few years you experience menstruation, then this can be said to be irregular menstruation, which can be classified into the following types.

  • Polymenorrhe, is a menstrual cycle that lasts less than 21 days.
  • Oligomenorrhea, is a condition when the menstrual cycle becomes longer, or there is no menstruation more than 35 days, but less than 90 days.
  • Amenorrhea, is a condition when not menstruating within 3 consecutive months.
  • Metrorrhagia, is menstrual bleeding that lasts longer and has more blood volume.

What Cause Menstruation Not Smooth?

The following are some things that can be causes of menstruation that are not smooth or irregular, including:

Menopause

Towards menopause, menstruation can become non-fluent. This is because the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body become irregular.

Pregnancy

If your periods are stalled or too late, try an examination to determine if you are pregnant. Doctors will usually recommend pregnancy tests and ultrasound.

Contraception

Using contraception, such as an IUD (spiral) or birth control pill, can indeed cause changes in the form of spots between the menstrual cycles. An IUD can cause more out of the ordinary blood or abdominal pain during menstruation. There can also be a slight release of blood at the start of using birth control pills, but this will stop after several months of use.

Pattern of everyday life

If you do excessive exercise or your weight drops dramatically, it can cause menstruation not smooth or irregular. Likewise with excessive weight or obesity. Not only changes in body weight, stress can also affect your menstrual cycle.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

(PCOS) is a collection of symptoms caused by the formation of small cysts in the ovary. The existence of these cysts makes the hormones become unbalanced. Testosterone can increase beyond the normal range, which should only have a little testosterone in women. Abnormalities also occur in the process of releasing eggs. This causes women with PCOS not to menstruate, or experience menstruation, but the blood coming out is only a little.

Thyroid problems

In your neck there are thyroid glands that produce hormones that can regulate the body’s metabolism. If your thyroid has a problem, your menstruation will also be affected. Consult this with an endocrine specialist. The doctor will do a blood test to see how the thyroid hormone is in your blood.

Ways to Overcome Menstruation Not Smooth

Treatment to treat non-fluent menstruation needs to be adjusted for the cause. The following are some of the ways you can deal with periods that are not smooth or irregular.

  • Change your lifestyle.
  • Change contraception.
  • Perform thyroid treatment.
  • Perform polycystic ovary syndrome treatment, for example to control hormone levels or diabetes. In addition, lose weight in a healthy way, if you suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome with excess weight.
  • Counseling if you experience stress that causes weight loss to drop dramatically.
  • If you plan to have a baby, consult your doctor for medical examinations and treatment. Maybe the doctor will recommend hormonal therapy to trigger ovulation back to normal.

If you experience bleeding that is unusual during menstruation until you need to change pads every hour, your menstruation occurs for more than 7 days, or if you experience spots after intercourse, contact your doctor immediately for further examination.

Facts About Characteristics of Pregnancy 1 Week

Pregnancy is one of the exciting news that a husband and wife are waiting for. No wonder if many want to know as soon as possible, namely by trying to pay attention to the characteristics of 1 week’s pregnancy.

Characteristics of 1 week pregnant can not be seen or felt. Generally, the symptoms of pregnancy will begin when a period is late, which is around the fourth week of pregnancy. At that time, some women will experience abdominal cramps and blood spots, followed by nausea, vomiting, and other early pregnancy symptoms in the following weeks.

Calculation of Pregnancy

If the pregnancy is counted for 40 weeks from the first day of last menstruation (HPHT), then a woman has not really become pregnant in the first week.

New pregnancies occur at the end of the second week or the beginning of the 3rd week, depending on the fertile period or ovulation. When ovulating, the ovary will release the egg that moves towards the fallopian tube. To get a pregnancy, the egg must meet sperm in the fallopian tube.

The ovulation cycle that will determine the date of conception, generally occurs on days 13 to 20 after HPHT. However, ovulation also depends on how long a person’s menstrual cycle is. In general, the menstrual cycle is around 28 days, but some women have different cycles.

To find out the menstrual cycle pattern you can record the menstrual date for several months, measure basal body temperature (body temperature when you wake up in the morning) before ovulation, or observe the texture of vaginal fluid that looks clearer and slipperier. An easier way is to use an ovulation test using urine.

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Apart from not being able to menstruate, the first few weeks after conception, some women experience early pregnancy symptoms such as the following:

  • Breasts are swollen and sensitive
  • The breasts appear swollen, at the same time sensitive and painful when touched. However, these symptoms do not always appear as a feature of 1 week of pregnancy.
  • Nausea, with or without vomiting
  • Three weeks after conception, some women feel nauseous, with or without vomiting. Not only in the morning, this kind of nausea can happen at any time. This is related to pregnancy hormones.
  • Lower back pain
  • Some pregnant women also suddenly experience lower back pain, which is likely to continue during pregnancy, especially due to weight gain and changes in posture.

There are also other early pregnancy symptoms that are often complained about, such as urinating more often, feeling tired, sensitive to odors, and wanting to eat certain foods. Sometimes constipation and bloating also occur, because the digestive system in pregnant women slows down. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also trigger headaches.

Although it is difficult to determine the characteristics of 1 week of pregnancy, there is no need to worry. You can confirm this good news a few weeks later. If necessary, you can go to the obstetrician to make sure there are signs and characteristics of 1 week of pregnancy, although often it is not certain.

Overcoming Gastric Acid Disorders During Pregnancy

Acid reflux during pregnancy is a natural thing that happens. This condition, medically known as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), occurs when stomach acid rises into the esophagus or esophagus, causing heartburn. GERD can be caused by hormonal influences when you are pregnant which makes your digestive system move more slowly. In addition, it can also be caused by pressure on the stomach produced by the uterus which continues to grow, especially in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

7 ways to deal with stomach acid during pregnancy

Increased stomach acid during pregnancy, of course makes you feel uncomfortable. However, you don’t need to worry because there are several ways to reduce it.

1. Change your eating habits

This is the best way to deal with your stomach acid disorder. Some of the things you need to change related to your eating habits are:

  • Eat small but frequent meals.
  • Eat slowly, don’t rush.
  • Do not immediately lie down or sleep after you eat. At least you have to wait 2-3 hours after eating, if you want to lie down or sleep. Give your stomach time to process the food you just ate. For that, you are not advised to eat dinner near bedtime.
  • It’s best to avoid chocolate and mint because these two foods can make your stomach acid worse. Chocolate and mint can make the muscles of the esophagus (the channel that connects the esophagus and stomach) relax, so that stomach acid can rise into the esophagus.
  • Also avoid spicy, sour and coffee foods. These foods can also make stomach acid disorders worse in some people. If you feel discomfort after eating these foods, you should stop eating. You can choose other foods that do not worsen your stomach acid.
  • Avoid drinking too much while you eat, this will make your stomach full so you feel uncomfortable. Drinking plenty of water during pregnancy is recommended, but choose the right time, not as long as you eat.
  • Try to chew gum after eating. Chewing gum can make saliva production increase, so that it can help neutralize the acid that rises into the esophagus.


2. Drink a drink that gives warmth

You might be able to try drinking warm ginger water to relieve the symptoms of acid reflux. Ginger can also eliminate the feeling of nausea and vomiting that you normally experience during pregnancy. Or, maybe you can make a glass of warm milk or chamomile tea to make you feel more comfortable.

3. Sleep in a comfortable position

If you often experience acid reflux during pregnancy, you should sleep with a pillow that is higher than usual. The position of your head and upper body part that is higher than the position of the stomach will help keep stomach acid from rising up. This can also help work your digestive system.

In addition, you may be more comfortable to sleep in a position facing left. Sleeping in a position facing the right makes your stomach position higher than the esophagus, so you can feel heartburn.

4. Keep your weight in the normal range

When you are pregnant, you need to increase your weight in an effort to support your health and the baby in the womb. However, too much amount of weight gain during pregnancy is also not good. Being overweight during pregnancy allows you to experience acid reflux during pregnancy, because the stomach is compressed by your large uterus. For that, you must maintain your weight to remain within the normal range during pregnancy. Preferably, consult with your doctor how much weight gain you should achieve during pregnancy.

5. Wear loose clothes

When pregnant, wear clothes that are loose and provide comfort when you wear them. Wearing tight clothing (especially around the waist and abdomen) can put more pressure on your stomach, so this can worsen stomach acid disorders.

6. Use antacid drugs

Antacids are drugs commonly used to treat stomach ulcers or increase stomach acid. The content of magnesium or calcium in antacids can relieve the discomfort you feel. However, you should be careful when choosing antacids when you are pregnant. Because, antacids containing sodium bicarbonate can cause fluid retention or swelling. Also, you should avoid antacids containing aluminum because it can cause constipation and can cause poisoning at high doses. Choose antacid drugs that do not contain high levels of sodium, aluminum, or aspirin.

7. Don’t smoke

If you smoke, you should stop smoking when you are pregnant. Apart from because smoking has a negative effect on your health and your baby’s pregnancy, smoking can also increase your stomach acid.

6 Symptoms of Stroke During Pregnancy

Stroke is a serious event that can occur during pregnancy. Of every 100,000 pregnant women, two to 70 of them will experience a stroke, depending on the source of information. This may make strokes look rare, but this indicates that every year several thousand women experience a stroke either during pregnancy or in the first few weeks after birth. More importantly, stroke causes 10% of deaths related to pregnancy.

About 10% of strokes occur before labor, while 40% occur during the birth process. The rest occurs after the birth of the baby, generally within six weeks postpartum.

Symptoms during pregnancy

In general, the symptoms of a stroke during or after pregnancy are similar to other stroke symptoms. However, some specific stroke symptoms seen during or after pregnancy can vary slightly from general strokes. Among them:

  • Headache: headaches that don’t want to disappear may be a sign of a stroke. This is common in strokes caused by cerebral venous thrombosis. Usually these headaches are more intense, or last longer, than general headaches. You should see a doctor if you experience this headache accompanied by double vision, weakness, numbness and general symptoms of stroke. Another type of headache that you should always be aware of and immediately go to hospital if it happens is a headache ‘thunderclap.’
  • Double vision: double vision is a rare symptom of stroke, but can occur in cerebral vein thrombosis or brain aneurysm. In both cases, it is always accompanied by a headache.
  • Dizziness or vertigo: High blood pressure can greatly affect blood vessel function in the back of the brain, some of which control balance. And women who suffer from high blood pressure during pregnancy can suffer a stroke – whose first symptoms are dizziness and / or vertigo. This stroke can also cause nausea or vomiting.
  • Blurred vision: because the occipital lobe, which processes the visual sensors in the brain located in the area behind the brain, high blood pressure in pregnant women can also cause blurred vision. This usually occurs as a result of a reversible syndrome posterior leukoencephalopathy.
  • Seizures: Seizures can occur in any type of stroke. In fact, seizures are the first sign of a small number of all types of strokes. However, seizures can be a common symptom of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy and hemorrhagic strokes, both of which can occur if you have high blood pressure. Although rare, these strokes can take place either during or after pregnancy.
  • Confusion or lethargy: heavy bleeding or swelling in the brain can cause extreme sleepiness and / or confusion. This can occur due to reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy, cerebral venous thrombosis, high blood pressure, and other forms of stroke in pregnancy.

It is important to ask for medical help if you experience these symptoms, so the doctor can decide the cause.

Triggers

Some risk factors for stroke in pregnancy are the same as triggers in other strokes, namely older age, obesity, migraines, smoking, and heart disease. But some risk factors are specific to pregnancy, including gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension (high blood pressure), and increased bleeding after childbirth. Hypertension is especially important, considering that one-third of strokes associated with pregnancy are associated with high blood pressure.

5 Causes of Diarrhea in Early Pregnancy

Some women experience diarrhea early in pregnancy. That happens naturally as a result of a hormone surge. To find out what other causes of diarrhea during pregnancy, let’s see the following review.

1. Changes in diet

During pregnancy, you may experience changes in diet. It can also cause diarrhea, especially when your system is not ready to accept the change.

2. Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes are one of the causes for diarrhea during early pregnancy. Once your body is familiar with these changes, it may become normal again.

3. Food allergies

Food allergies can also cause diarrhea early in pregnancy. Especially, during the first pregnancy, food allergies are very common.

4. Food poisoning

Taking contaminated food substances during pregnancy can cause diarrhea. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience the case.

5. Virus infection

Pregnancy can make the body vulnerable to certain types of viral infections. If you are infected, diarrhea may be one of the side effects that you will feel.

Lack of fluid / dehydration due to diarrhea can cause uterine contractions. Things to watch out for if your diarrhea is accompanied by:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea is very frequent, for example, reaching 10 times a day, or less, but it produces a lot of fluid during diarrhea
  • Accompanied by vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dizzy, weak
  • The mouth feels dry
  • Slimy, bloody, greenish, black like asphalt or white

If you experience the above symptoms, immediately go to the nearest hospital or emergency unit. Or if you feel worried about your current condition that has not been repaired, you can immediately consult a doctor, and don’t forget to say that you are pregnant. The doctor will treat diarrhea according to the cause, such as diarrhea medication if needed, or antibiotics if diarrhea is caused by an infection. Keep in mind do not take any medicine without a doctor’s prescription during pregnancy, especially the early trimester because there are many drugs that can affect the fetus.

Which Type of Diabetes is More Common

Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a long-term or chronic disease characterized by blood sugar levels (glucose) that are far above normal. Glucose is very important for our health because it is the main energy source for the brain and cells that form the muscles and tissues in our body.

This disease has two main types, namely type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

It is very important for us to know the early symptoms of diabetes. Both for high-risk and those who feel healthy and have no history or potential for diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly in a few weeks, even a few days. While many type 2 diabetics do not realize that they have diabetes for years because the symptoms tend to be non-specific. Some of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include:

  • Often feel thirsty.
  • Frequent urination, especially at night.
  • Extreme hunger.
  • Weight loss without obvious reasons.
  • Reduced muscle mass.
  • There are ketones in the urine. Ketones are a by-product of muscle and fat metabolism that occurs when insulin production is not enough.
  • Fatigue.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Long healed wounds.
  • Frequent infections, for example in the gums, skin, vagina, or urinary tract.

If you experience these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately. Detection as early as possible allows us to prevent the worse condition of our diabetes.

Effect of Insulin Hormones and Diabetes

All cells in the human body need glucose to work normally. The level of sugar in the blood is usually controlled by the hormone insulin which is produced by the pancreas, which is an organ located behind the stomach.

But the pancreatic organs of diabetics are unable to produce the hormone insulin according to the body’s needs. Without insulin, the body’s cells cannot absorb and process glucose into energy.

Overview of Type 1 Diabetes

Patients with type 1 diabetes are very dependent on insulin because the patient’s immune system will attack and destroy the pancreatic cells that produce insulin. This triggers an increase in glucose levels resulting in damage to body organs. Until now, the cause behind type 1 diabetes is not certain.

Patients with this type of diabetes are generally under 40 years old, usually appearing in adolescence or children. Therefore, type 1 diabetes is also referred to as childhood diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 diabetes. Of the 10 people with diabetes, it is estimated that only about 1 person has type 1.

In addition to having to receive insulin injections every day, people with type 1 diabetes are also advised to maintain glucose levels in the blood to stay balanced. For example by applying a healthy diet and undergoing a blood test regularly.

Overview of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a type of diabetes that is more common. About 90 percent of people with diabetes in the world have this type of diabetes.

This type of diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin production in the body or body cells that become less sensitive to insulin. This lack of sensitivity of body cells is known as insulin resistance.

Symptoms in this type of diabetics can usually be controlled with a healthy diet and monitoring glucose levels in the blood. But, stay alert because this disease will continue to develop in the body and eventually you will need treatment.

Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity. Indeed, not all people who suffer from obesity will automatically suffer from type 2 diabetes. However, the higher a person’s body mass index, the risk of this type of diabetes also increases. Obese diabetes generally attacks the elderly.

Pregnancy Diabetes Risk

Diabetes also often attacks pregnant women. There are some women who have high blood glucose levels during pregnancy, so their bodies cannot produce enough insulin to absorb it. Diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, can occur in about 15 to 18 people among 100 pregnant women.

People with type 1 diabetes who are pregnant will also have a high risk because it can have an impact on the mother and fetus. It is very important for diabetics who are pregnant to maintain a balance of blood sugar levels.

Pregnant women should be more careful monitoring blood sugar levels in the second trimester (weeks 14-26). At that time gestational diabetes generally developed and then disappeared after giving birth. However, the risk of type 2 diabetes in women who have had gestational diabetes is about three times higher than the general population.