Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in breast tissue. Malignant tumors are a collection of cancer cells that develop rapidly into the surrounding tissue or spread to further parts of the body. This disease occurs almost always in women but can also occur in men.
Cancer cells can form in fat tissue in the breast, mammary glands (lobules), or in the milk duct (duct)
What are the characteristics of breast cancer?
The most characteristic features of breast cancer are the appearance of a lump in the breast. Lumps of breast cancer characteristics have a hard texture with unclear boundaries and uneven surfaces.
Lumps also continue to stay 8 to 10 days after menstruation. If a lump of breast cancer features close to the nipple, it will be seen that the nipples are attracted in and are rather sticky.
In addition to the appearance of breast cancer, signs and characteristics that you can identify with others are:
- Change in size, shape, or appearance of the breast.
- Shape changes in the nipple.
- Pain in the breast that never goes away, even when you have entered the menstrual period the following month. Even so, some women also experience no pain or pain in their breasts.
- The nipples emit clear, brown, or yellow liquid.
- The nipples suddenly turn red and swollen without knowing the cause.
- Swelling around the armpit caused by enlarged lymph nodes in the area.
- Venous veins are seen in the breast, as a result the veins in the breast are clearly visible.
- At an advanced stage begins to appear abnormalities in the skin of the breast (such as orange skin or reddish skin), sometimes the skin also becomes stifled like a dimple because it is attracted by a lump.
- If you experience or suspect one of the symptoms and characteristics of breast cancer as mentioned above, you should immediately consult a doctor. This is done so that you get the right treatment according to your condition. By being responsive to the characteristics of breast cancer, your chances of getting better from this disease are getting bigger.
There may be some signs or symptoms of breast cancer that have not been mentioned. If you want to know more about the characteristics of breast cancer, consult your doctor.
What causes breast cancer?
The cause of breast cancer is unknown. Even so, experts believe if the cause of breast cancer is because breast cells develop abnormally and form a lump in the breast. This lump can spread to the surrounding tissue and to other parts of the body.
There are several conditions that can be factors that cause breast cancer. Doctors estimate that around 5–10 percent of the causes of breast cancer are related to gene mutations 1 (BRCA1) and gene 2 (BRCA2) that are inherited in the family. So if you have a history of cancer in the breast in the family, you should check your blood to detect the gene.
In addition to gene mutations, experts also agree that a medical history and lifestyle of a person can be a factor causing breast cancer.